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Aquino's Abad Appointments: Nepotism? Cronyism? Favoritism?

July 20, 2010

Nepotism has its pros and cons. What happens if a family just happens to be talented? Where do we draw the line? The pros are that having the right name is like a premium brand – and is expected to deliver superior service. On the downside – anti-corruption and nepotism/cronyism/favoritism do not mix.

What is Nepotism

First let us define our terms so we are all on the same page. Here’s one definition:

“hiring one’s own family members, or it can mean hiring and advancing unqualified or under-qualified family members based simply on the familial relationship. The word nepotism stems from the Latin word for “nephew,” especially the nephews of the prelates in medieval times.

(Encyclopedia of Management)

It is also defined by Wikipedia as

“favoritism granted to relatives or friends, with no regard to merit.[1] The word nepotism is from the Latin word nepos (meaning “nephew” or “grandchild”).

Nepotism gained its name after the church practice in the Middle Ages, when some Catholic popes and bishops, who had taken vows of chastity, and therefore usually had no children of their own, gave their nephews such positions of preference as were often accorded by fathers to son.[2]

Several popes elevated nephews and other relatives to the cardinalate. Often, such appointments were a means of continuing a papal “dynasty”.

For instance, Pope Callixtus III, head of the Borgia family, made two of his nephews Cardinals; one of them, Rodrigo, later used his position as a Cardinal as a stepping stone to the papacy, becoming Pope Alexander VI.[3] Alexander then elevated Alessandro Farnese, his mistress’s brother, to the cardinalate; Farnese would later go on to become Pope Paul III.[4]

Paul also engaged in nepotism, appointing, for instance, two nephews, aged fourteen and sixteen, as cardinals. The practice was finally ended when Pope Innocent XII issued the bull Romanum decet Pontificem, in 1692.[2] The papal bull prohibited popes in all times from bestowing estates, offices, or revenues on any relative, with the exception that one qualified relative (at most) could be made a Cardinal.

Political

Nepotism is a common accusation in politics when the relative of a powerful figure ascends to similar power seemingly without appropriate qualifications.

According to the Study “Social Behavior and Personality: an international journal, Oct, 2008 by Huseyin Arasli, Mustafa Tumer”

The term nepotism is derived from the Latin word for grandson or nephew. It is related to the English word nephew, which comes from Latin via Old French, (http://www.dictionary.com). Webster’s Third New International Dictionary (Merriam-Webster, 2000) defines nepotism as favoritism shown to nephews and other relatives, by giving them positions because of their relationship rather than their competencies.

Most of the literature suggests that large firms are more likely to hire relatives as employees than are smaller firms. However, some researchers believe that nepotism is dominant in smaller firms in less developed countries (Hayajenh, Maghraki, & Al-Dabbagh, 1994; Williams & Laker, 2005).

Cronyism is defined as giving preference to politicians’ particularly to cronies (close friends of long standing), especially as evidenced in the appointment of hangers-on to office without regard to their qualifications.

Favoritism means the provision of special privilege to friends, colleagues and acquaintances, in the areas of employment, career and personnel decisions.

Cronyism and favoritism are hard to control, especially in cultures that place a high value on interpersonal relations (http//www.citadel.edu/citadel) particularly to cronies (close friend of long standing), especially as evidenced in the appointment of political hangers-on to office without regard to their qualifications (Ashour, 2004).

Nepotism, cronyism, and favoritism easily penetrate and corrupt decisions and practices.

In small states, improving performance and credibility requires a comprehensive but well-orchestrated institutional reform that combats corruption and frees up the latent potential of these organizations, redirecting their practices to serve developmental ends. Serving these ends requires competent, professional and ethically strong company staff. As also mentioned by several researchers like Ford and McLaughlin (1986), nepotism has both positive and negative effects on employee and customer satisfaction levels.

Are there too many Abads in key positions in government?

Given the recent headlines about the Abads.

“INQUIRER – MANILA, Philippines—Despite the furor over the Abad family holding key positions in the financial bureaucracy, the ruling Liberal Party is standing pat on naming Batanes Rep. Henedina Abad senior vice chair of the House appropriations committee.Two Liberal Party leaders—Quezon City Rep. Feliciano Belmonte Jr. and Quezon Rep. Joseph E.A. Abaya—Tuesday said the party found nothing improper in naming Henedina to a key position in the committee which crafts the annual government budget

Henedina is the wife of Budget Secretary Florencio “Butch” Abad Jr. and the mother of Presidential Management Staff chief Julia Abad and Finance Secretary Cesar Purisima’s chief of staff Luis Abad.”

We cannot accuse the Abads of nepotism because they are clearly qualified.

We cannot accuse the Abads as cronies either because based on the prior definitions – the Abads are qualified.

Favoritism, however, seems more appropriate to the situation.

These positions, I presume, are subject to the President’s discretion and therefore – it has got nothing to do with the Abads.

The Abads are correct in saying that it is Pres. Benigno Aquino III ‘s call to make.

And so P-Noy made the call.

I have no doubt the Abads will perform. I have no doubt they are qualified. Having a lot of Abads in key positions says a lot about the trust and confidence that Noynoy has in the Abads. They all have good intentions – I got that part, I salute them and wish them well. After all, is it really their fault if they are a family of achievers? I can relate to that.

Although, I find it hard to believe that out of the 90 million or so individuals in the Philippines gene pool – the Abads are the only achievers in town and that no one can do a better job and is more honest and are spread out among different families – instead of just one.

The appointment of kamag-anaks of powerful figures is similar to the fedual marriages between families of different tribes/clans. These arrangements give powerful members of the legislative and the judiciary vested interests in an administration’s success.

These officials can find solace in a new book by Adam Bellow, “In Praise of Nepotism.” The book defends the preferential treatment based on family connections, he argues that society benefits from family dynasties, which tend to stabilize government. He also believes that having famous names is like buying a premium brand or trademark.

Bellow argues that the descendants of leaders are likely to be more talented and dedicated — an assumption of DNA superiority that borders on eugenics. Just remember though that in the Philippines – it has turned to be pretty much more of the same.

Lord Acton’s Dictum – Power corrupts; absolute power corrupts absolutely

THis dictum has quite a history to it. And has as its beginnings – the questioning of the Pope’s infallibility.

John Emerich Edward Dalberg-Acton, 1st Baron Acton, KCVO, DL (10 January 1834 – 19 June 1902), known as Sir John Dalberg-Acton, 8th Bt from 1837 to 1869 and usually referred to simply as Lord Acton, was an English historian, the only son of Sir Ferdinand Dalberg-Acton, 7th Baronet[1] and grandson of the Neapolitan admiral, Sir John Acton, 6th Baronet. He was born in Naples.[2] (Wikipedia)

“Lord Acton’s dictum”

In 1870 came the great crisis in Roman Catholicism over Pope Pius IX’s promulgation of the doctrine of papal infallibility. Lord Acton, who was in complete sympathy on this subject with Döllinger, went to Rome in order to throw all his influence against it, but the step he so much dreaded was not to be averted. The Old Catholic separation followed, but Acton did not personally join the seceders, and the authorities prudently refrained from forcing the hands of so competent and influential an English layman. It was in this context that, in a letter he wrote to scholar and ecclesiastic Mandell Creighton, dated April 1887, Acton made his most famous pronouncement:

“I cannot accept your canon that we are to judge Pope and King unlike other men with a favourable presumption that they did no wrong. If there is any presumption, it is the other way, against the holders of power, increasing as the power increases. Historic responsibility has to make up for the want of legal responsibility. Power tends to corrupt, and absolute power corrupts absolutely. Great men are almost always bad men, even when they exercise influence and not authority: still more when you superadd the tendency or certainty of corruption by full authority. There is no worse heresy than the fact that the office sanctifies the holder of it. “[3]

Noynoy can do no wrong. Noynoy is infallible. He is not wrong on the Abads’ Appointments. His choice is excellent.

One can only “hope” he is right.

There are more appointments to be made – more families to appoint. Let’s see who wins the yellow lottery next.

SNAP!!! 😆

What do YOU Think?

[poll id=”19″]

Remember this?

httpv://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kh2VFTxcXU4

httpv://www.youtube.com/watch?v=G3oN8zSd8ww

httpv://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RjTmMj1oIw4

httpv://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qFMW0UvchNE

httpv://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Juw_qpXwGGM

httpv://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BvjM5G_6mCU

Take a cue from Gordon – the preferred brand name in Olongapo. 😈

So has it boiled down to this – DYNASTY vs DYNASTY? Maybe?

Oligarchy vs Oligarchy? But.. Gordon isn’t an oligarch – upper middle-class perhaps.

The masses are damned? Philippines is damned? 😆

At any rate, I remember riding a cab with a schoolmate, she said – “it’s not about being the right one, it’s about BECOMING the right one” 😉

Whatever that means.

From → Government

25 Comments
  1. Is this the guy referred to Gordon in one of his TV interviews “ang liit-liit ng lugar mo?” in reference to the guy’s lackluster performance as a representative?

  2. You are really right, it is true that they are qualified but are they the ONLY one qualified for the job? It really makes sense that PNOY chooses not of his clan because it takes away the douubt and the “temptation” not to be discrete in their actions and decisions…

  3. By voting Noynoy in office in the first place (Congress, Senate and now Big Cheese) , the public is approving of nepotism. It’s not about merit, skill, leadership or track record. It’s about parents. Like it or not that is the message we are sending our kids with our vote. Since that is the message then of course Noynoy will “Dance With the One What Brung Ya” That’s an old southern saying that says be true to the one you are with. Nepotism is the system that made him possible so he will keep it alive. To expect anything different is lunacy in my opinion.

  4. Nepotism is deeply ingrained into EVERYTHING about Noynoy Aquino. Lest we forget, he ran on a PEDIGREE PLATFORM and every other word he utters derives equity from his being an Aquino and the son of two venerated “heroes”.

    Nepotism is alive and well in the Philippines, and that is why its leader REFLECTS this characteristic mightily. No surprises in these actions, but an outrage nonetheless to those who make it a habit to think.

  5. @jb – yes, he’s the one referred to by Gordon

  6. silvercrest permalink

    He chose the Abads because they were first on the list…alphabetically. He must have been late again and hurriedly made the appointments. I could imagine what PeeNoy would be doing after reading this…slapping his face…doh!

  7. Well, for me this is another red flag that the anti-corruption stance will fail. If relatives are able to gain preference over key positions just because they are relatives (which is still corruption, qualified or unqualified), then that anti-corruption thing is just a farce. And this is not only because of the Abads. I ‘ve been hearing about other cases.

    Only thing I like about the biggest Abad is that he’s pro-charter change. I wish he’d be noisier with that.

  8. Uncle Pinoy permalink

    I agree it’s a bit too much too have all these Abads in government, too. But I just find it hilarious how these congressmen and senators snipe at the Abads when they themselves have family members in sensitive positions back in their home provinces.

  9. The stupidity of Mr. AnNoy-ing! is showing once again. The people who are still under the spell of the Aquino Magic are now approving the grants and wishes of Nepotism nimrods and what not!

    With almost everything in place, the Philippines will enter the dark ages… Or the Aquino Regime[I imagine Stalin’s Regime! But 99% more stupids!]

  10. boombox permalink

    “Kamusta ang Batanes…?” -Gordon..

    ayun panot parin si Butch Abad…

  11. UP nn grad permalink

    Had Erap, Perlas, Gordon, Erap, or Villar done similar, the Yellow Army would be all over them with that most damning of condemnations —- for lack of➡ “delicadeza”. “Wala bang katapusan ang katakawan?👿 Wala bang delicadeza? Puwede namang maghanap ng iba, bakit sinakim ang mga puwesto?”

    Walang delicadeza👿 , the Yellow Army will say.

  12. famous wolf permalink

    Double standards are truthfully distasteful.

  13. interested permalink

    Pnoy along with his slogan “Kung walang corrupt, walang mahirap”” are all a farce. And the Abads indeed are a family of ‘qualified ‘ gluttons for power. The thought of these people revolts me!

  14. ulong pare permalink

    … daaang

    … NOBODY is qualified ‘cept the abads… bwi hi hi hi hi:mrgreen:

    … hey y’all… did i raise a red thong oooopsie flag at the shoutbox about the abads?

    … 90M flips, ‘sang tambaks ang ivy leagued hilominaties in flipland, and prez gung gong abnoy could not find a flip qualified to do the job?:mrgreen:

  15. ulong pare permalink

    … daaang

    … hoy mga flip gung gongs: DONCHA LUV UR NEW PREZ + PRIVATE ARMY + TRIBO GARAPALES?

    … BUTI NGA… MAGDUSA KAYO SA INYONG MGA KATANGAHAN…:mrgreen:

  16. interested permalink

    It’s all here (a good read):

    http://www.tribuneonline.org/commentary/20100721com1.html

    ABAD family: Shameless.

  17. I like The Daily Tribute. One of the few good papers still around.

  18. Darn, misspellings occur when you’re sleepy.😆

  19. ulong pare permalink

    … daaang

    … prez gung gong abnoy is a bubblehead… the cojuangco tentacles pull all the strings…

    … all flipland gov deptheads are kamag-anaks, kumpares, ka-iyutan, kaututang dila, etchastera etc…

    … flips, bahala kayo sa buhay ninyo…:mrgreen:

  20. Hyden Toro permalink

    It is hard for Filipinos, to hire people on merit. They prefer people who worked for them, especially politicians. Not what you know; but Whom you know; will always be the call for every new administration. People from the Arroyo administration, have to give way to people of the Aquino Yellow Horde. “What are we in Power for?” This is what Noynoy Aquino call the ‘CHANGE.” Not a change for our lives for the better. But, a change of people that he appointed. THE MORE THINGS CHANGE, THE MORE THEY REMAIN THE SAME.
    How true the words of this well known Philosopher. It resonates thruout the ages, since he passed away…

  21. ulong pare permalink

    … daaang

    … a. einstein stated that “the significant problem we now face cannot be solved by the same level of thinking that created them.”

    … flipland needs AP… AP fits the bill… asAP…

    … allah eh, pa-paano ba tayo makakapwesto jan when flipland is controlled by oligarchs surrounded by 80M rabid gung gong followers…

    … nuke flipland… nyuk… nyuk… nyuk…:mrgreen:

  22. Hyden Toro permalink

    The Noynoy Aquino administration is the problem. If they refuse to look at themselves…they will never solve our problem. This is the situation, when you promised people; more than what you can deliver; or; pomised people what you don’t intend to deliver. When you tell people: you are very much competent. In truth: you are not…this is the result…

  23. I will let my name be changed to Abad. This is a Super Family!:mrgreen:

    I had the opportunity to become a Multi-Millionaire, if I had not left the Philippines. By just organizing the movement of troops and supplies during the EDSA 1, my bosses and colleagues were rewarded with key positions during the Cory Aquino term. I could have had landed a job at the Bureau of Customs, a department full of gold, regardless of my educational achievement – a working 1st Year College Student.

    It is not who you are but it is what you know….😉

  24. Allan permalink

    Delicadeza is something the Abads doesn’t have. Its one of the many things that is easily swept away every time a storm passes Batanes.

  25. Makky permalink

    The Abads have no shame. I have friends from the beautiful province of Batanes and they tell stories that the national government do not know. The Abad’s integrity and honesty is highly questionable in the place where they serve. Talk about competence…maybe they are qualified although they are not the only ones who are qualified for the job. Are they considered honest because nobody has ever come to Batanes to interview folks there? OR no Batanes person has ever come forward to report them?

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